Piatra-Neamt history


Piatra Neamt region was inhabited since the earliest times due to a very favorable environment and location. These factors brought prosperity to the Piatra Neamt region.

Archaeological discoveries unveiled the complete image of a civilization with a high standard of living and an exquisite artistic movement dating back to Cucuteni Culture.
The oldest archaeological discovery in the Piatra-Neamt area, located in the village of Poiana Ciresului , dates back to Mesolithic Era (12.000 B.C.).
Archaeological diggings at Bbtca Doamnei, Ciritei, Lutarie, Valeni-Bolovoaia, Cozla si Darmanesti, uncovered ceramic fragments, stone objects that belonged to the Cucuteni culture (3,600-2600 B.C.), Bronze Era and Dacian Civilization (2nd century B.C.-2nd century C.E.). Following diggings done in the 1950.s important medieval vestiges have been found at Batca Doamnet and Curtea Dumneasca.

While the Neolithic civilization stood up as one of great artists, the Dacian civilization left us one of the most important chapters in the city.s history: the fortifications at Batca Doamnei, Cozla and Calu (1st century B.C..-1st century C.E.). These fortifications can only mean that a powerful political, economic and spiritual center was present here. Petrodava was mentioned by Ptolemes in his Geographica. When it was conquered by the Romans, the area was no longer an important center but it continued to be inhabited.

The city is first mentioned by a Russian Chronicle (1387-1392) and by Sigismund of Luxembourg.s expedition into Moldova in the year 1395. It is mentioned that on July 31st 1431, Alexandru the Good One gave the city of Piatra lui Craciun as a gift to the Bistrita Monastery.

At the beginning of the 17th century Piatra was an important economic center. Over time the city.s economy changed from an agricultural base to a more diversified economy. This diversification of the economy made the city the most important in the Neamt County . On November 8th 1841 Gheorghe Asachi opened a paper factory in the city making it the first in Moldova . In 1832 the first public school is opened and in 1871 the first theatre opened.

The city of Piatra-Neamt is first mentioned in 1387 by the name kamena (Piatra) in a Russian list. In the year 1431 it is known as Targul de la Piatra lui Craciun and in 1453 it gets the status of a crown city. Stephen the Great builds here a regal domain.

The city was named Piatra until the year 1859 when the word Neamt is added becoming Piatra Neamt . This measure was necessary in order to prevent being confused with other cities that had the same name. On January 1st 1877 the 15th Dorobanti Regiment was created with headquarters in Piatra-Neamt. It was composed out of 2 dorobanti battalions and the 1st lieutenant-colonel was Fotea Alexandru.

During the Independence War 1877-1878 the 15th Dorobanti Regiment participates at numerous battles including Plevna, Grivita, Ravova, Vidin and Smardan until March 15th 1878 when it returns to Piatra-Neamt.

In August 1891 the Dorobanti regiment is being restructured forming the 15th Infantry Regiment. During the Great War the regiment participated in battles in Muntenia, Transylvania and Southern Moldova .

In the interwar period the city.s population is of 30,000 people (22,000 Romanians, 13,952 Jews and the rest are of other nationalities). The number of factories and shops grows and the second electric station is built.

During World war 2 the economic growth stopped. The losses and destructions suffered during the war and the reign of terror practiced by the Red Army crippled the economy even more. At the end of 1950.s and after the administrative reforms of 1968, the city becomes the capital of the county. Piatra Neamt sees a great economic growth becoming what it is today.
The effects of revolution weren.t felt in Piatra Neamt . Even though not a single shot has been fired, the city can pride itself through many revolutionaries that participated in the revolts that brought down the communist regime.

In the following years the effects of the country.s difficult transition from communism to a free-market economy has been felt in Piatra Neamt too. The number of investments fell sharply and the unemployment grew dramatically. The low standard of living toppled with poor social security benefits and a poor healthcare made the life of inhabitants harder. The city and its inhabitants looks to the future and hope that the city can reclaim the title of . Moldova.s pearl..